Clean Plants


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*IMPORTANT
REMINDER!*
A grower or winery can NOT sell grape vines without a nursery license. 
Click here for more information.


Certified Grapevine
Growers

Northwest Grape Foundation Service


USDA Plant Health National Clean Plant Network - Farm Bill Section 10202


What to Know When Buying Plants

Q & A Foundation Program, before you buy, sell, trade or plant grape vines


Grape cuttings or plants coming into state MUST comply with quarantines:

 
PLANT IMPROVEMENT FOR THE LONG TERM HEALTH OF THE WASHINGTON WINE AND GRAPE INDUSTRY

The most important decision in our business is selection of plant material.

It is one of the most economically sensitive and long-term investment decisions made when developing a vineyard and the industry faces a challenge obtaining quality plant material. Washington state nurseries can meet some needs but rapid expansion of the industry has revealed the limitations of foundation material and in-state nurseries to supply all needs.

The grape vine foundation block at WSU’s Irrigated Ag Research and Extension Center (IAREC) in Prosser was originally established at the Roza Unit in 1961 by Dr. Walter Clore and relocated to IAREC headquarters unit in 1983. Its primary purpose was to test selections from around the world to supply clean cutting wood to certified nurseries in Washington. The current foundation block is in need of updating, improved maintenance, and consistent management.

Using certified material is perhaps the most sure way to plant highly productive, long lived vineyards and ensure our industry remains viable…and clean. Unfortunately, the amount of certified material in Washington state is limited.

Consequently, the majority of plant material used in our industry’s recent expansion has been non-certified. Although most of this material is relatively clean, some will place our industry at risk. The Washington State Department of Agriculture’s (WSDA) recent virus survey revealed the presence of some debilitating viruses, some of which were not previously known to exist in Washington. Although at low levels, merely finding these viruses is a concern to the industry for the long term.

The Washington Association of Wine Grape Growers (WAWGG) was given the task of taking the lead role in determining a program to pursue clean plant material. Addressing the plant improvement needs of the industry will allow Washington state to remain competitive in an extremely competitive industry. The industry clearly stated that important changes need to be made to improve our current situation and that priority must be placed on a fast track. The following goals were established:
  • To ensure vineyard longevity
  • To ensure that planting material entering the state or being sold within the state is virus-free
  • To address imminent changes of federal rules under impending World Trade Organization (WTO) regulations
  • To strive to have virus-free vineyards

The WAWGG board of directors appointed its Technical Committee to work with the industry and determine a plan. The Technical Committee set up a plant improvement sub-committee and identified four main areas of need which were separated into industry working groups. The working groups began meeting in early 2001 and established objectives, determined work plans and began initial activity.

 

Clean Plant Links

http://winegrapes.wsu.edu/virology

http://plant-disease.ippc.orst.edu/disease.cfm?RecordID=526.00000 http://www.inra.fr/hyp3/pathogene/6gflvir.htm

http://plpnemweb.ucdavis.edu/nemaplex/Plntpara/pltvirus.htm

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/ncpn/index.shtml

 


WHY A FOUNDATION BLOCK?

Certified material can assure a positive response to many of the concerns related to pests and diseases and ensure our industry remains viable…and clean. 

Unfortunately, the amount of certified material in the state has been limited.  Consequently, the majority of plant material used in our recent expansion has been non-certified.  Although most of this material is relatively clean, some will place our industry at risk.  The Washington State Department of Agriculture’s recent virus survey revealed the presence of some debilitating viruses.  Although at low levels, merely finding these viruses is a concern to the industry for the long term.

In early 2001, the WAWGG board of directors appointed its Technical Committee to work with the industry and determine a plan.  The Technical Committee set up a plant improvement sub-committee and identified four main areas of need which were separated into industry working groups.  The working groups met and established objectives, determined work plans and began initial activity.  The four working groups, their chairs and objectives included:

·         Selection - chaired by Tedd Wildman
Objective: to identify varieties that will be in demand and allow access to desirable varieties and/or clones

·         Quarantine - chaired by Kevin Corliss
Objective: to obtain virus-free plant material from outside the state (crossing state lines) to ensure competitiveness and sustainability via assurances that plant materials are tested and free of phylloxera, leaf roll, fan leaf and corky bark.

·         Foundation - chaired by Rick Hamman
Objective: to ensure a long-term clean plant source for the Washington wine and grape industry.

·         Education - chaired by Colin Morrell
Objective: to promote industry understanding of the issues and buy-in to the process and to involvement.

 


THE FOUNDATION BLOCK ADVISORY GROUP


The WAWGG board identified the need, responsibilities and make-up of an Advisory Group that would include growers, wineries, nurseries, juice growers, WSDA, WSU and at-large positions.

Their role is to advise on the overall business of the Foundation Block including management, direction, selection of plant material, distribution, phytosanitary issues (test and re-testing), all policies and procedures, funding needs, quarantine issues and needs, program review and industry reports. 

The NW Foundation Block Advisory Group (FBAG) meets on a quarterly basis and is made up of:

 

3 grower reps: WA, ID, OR    

WA-Tedd Wildman                              7/2009

ID-Brad Pintler                                   7/2010

OR-Matt Novak                                         7/2008

 

3 winery rep: WA, OR, ID

WA-Joy Andersen                               7/2008

ID-Chuck Devlin                                 7/2009

OR-Scott Henry Sr.                                   7/2010

 

1 concord/juice

WA-Keith Oliver                                 7/2010

 

2 table grape

ID-Tom Elias                                      7/2009

OR-Ray Ethell                                    7/2008

 

3 nursery rep: WA, OR           

WWA-Tom Thornton                                7/2009

EWA-Tom Judkins                              7/2008

OR-Tom Lodge                                  7/2010

 

5 at large reps

WA-Mercy Olmstead                                7/2009

OR-Ted Casteel                                      7/2010

WA-Brian Carter                                      7/2010

OR-Earl Jones                                         7/2008

WA-Mike Means*                                     7/2009

 

*=FBAG Chairman

 

WSU-advisory positions

Ken Eastwell, Naidu Rayapati, Markus Keller

 

Department of Ag-advisory positions (WA, OR, ID)

WA-Tom Wessels or Laure Guerra

OR-Jan Hedberg

ID-Mike Cooper


PLANTS INTO THE STATE AND OUT OF THE STATE

Cuttings or plants going to other states must meet requirements of receiving state. Each state's requirements are listed on the National Plant Board website:

Grape cuttings or plants coming into the state MUST comply with quarantines:
 

PLANTS TO OTHER COUNTRIES
 
For information on exporting plant material, call the nearest WSDA Plant Services Office. Click here for staff directory